A tweet that caused a seizure has led to an FBI investigation and an arrest. It also exposed a terrifying way people with epilepsy can be attacked online.
The FBI arrested John Rayne Rivello, 29, of Salisbury, Maryland, on Friday on charges of cyberstalking, the agency said in a statement released Friday. Rivello is accused of tweeting a strobing animated image to Kurt Eichenwald of Dallas, a Newsweek political reporter who has written about his epilepsy.
The moving image, also known as a GIF, allegedly included the statement, You deserve a seizure for your post. When Eichenwald viewed the tweet, he suffered a seizure.
Eichenwalds lawyer told The New York Times that Eichenwald was incapacitated for days, lost feeling in his hand and had trouble speaking for several weeks.
In a December interviewonGood Morning America, Eichenwald said supporters of Donald Trump have targeted him because he has written critically of the president. On the night of the attack, Eichenwald appeared on Fox News Tucker Carlson Tonight to discuss a tweet he wrote claiming Trump wouldnt release his medical records because he had a nervous breakdown in 1990.
The next day, Eichenwald tweeted about the strobing messageand said he would take legal action against the person who sent the tweet.
He told GMA that his wife captured a still image from the seizure-triggering animation. GMA shared the still version on air, which appears at 2:38 in the video below.
According to the affidavit,Rivellos Twitter account contained direct messages written by Rivello that included statements including,I hope this sends him into a seizure, Spammed this at [victim] lets see if he dies, and I know he has epilepsy, the Department of Justice said in the statement.
Steven Lieberman, Eichenwalds attorney, compared the online attack to someonesending a bomb or anthrax in the mail.
It wasnt the content of the communication that was intended to persuade somebody or make them feel badly about themselves, Lieberman told Newsweek. This was an electronic communication that was designed to have a physical effect.
Eichenwald said Friday that more than 40 people have sent him strobing images knowing they could affect his epilepsy and trigger a seizure. He said that their identifying information was with the FBI.
Eichenwalds case is different from other online stalking or bullying lawsuits because the tweet Eichenwald received wasnt just sent to harm him emotionally, it was designed to target his medical condition, The New York Times pointed out in a report. The attack was also completed in a relatively simple way.
Vivek Krishnamurthy, an assistant director at Harvard Law Schools Cyber Clinic, told the Times that while some online attacks are aimed at affecting an electrical grid or gain control of air traffic controls, Eichenwalds attack was distinguishable because it is a targeted physical attack that was personal, using a plain-Jane tool.
Meanwhile, Richard Spencer, a white nationalist who is credited with coining the term alt-right, called Rivello a hero of the meme war and proposed to start a legal fund for the suspect.
Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes recurring seizures which could also lead to violent muscle spasms and loss of consciousness. According to the Epilepsy Foundation in Michigan, 1 percentof Americans suffer from the disorder.
A similar cyberattack targeted a group of epilepsy patients nearly a decade ago. In 2008, the hackers posted a number of strobing images to a support message board on the Epilepsy Foundation website, triggering headaches and seizures ina handful of epilepsy patients.
Eichenwald tweeted Friday that Rivello could face additional charges in Dallas.